Glossary

Click one of the letters above to view terms beginning with that letter.

A

Abdominal exercises search for term

Exercises useful for building and strengthening the abdominal muscles.

Abdominal Sacral Massage search for term

A massage of the abdomen, lower back and occasionally the neck to bringing the visceral organs back into alignment.  By releasing pressure and strengthening the surrounding muscles and ligaments it can help improve blood flow to the nerves and help with lymphatic drainage.

Achilles Tendinopathy search for term

Used to describe a condition caused by overuse of the tendon that joins your heel bone to your calf muscles.  Thought to be caused by repeated tiny injuries, sufferers experience pain, stiffness, weakness and swelling to the tendon.

ACJ(Acromioclavicular Joint) sprain search for term

A direct injury, without a dislocation, to the joint at the tip of the shoulder that connects the collar bone (clavicle) to the shoulder blade (scapula).

ACL injury search for term

Located in the middle of the knee, the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) joins the thigh bone to the shin bone at the knee joint. Giving the knee and the knee joint stability and also helping control the back and forth movement of the lower leg, it can be injured when over stretched or twisted.

Ankle sprain search for term

A condition where one or more of the ligaments around the ankle joint sustains an injury due to being twisted, rolled or turned in an awkward way.

Anterior Knee Pain search for term

Referring to pain at the front and center of the knee, this can be caused by many different problems, including Runner's knee and Chondromalacia patella (the softening and breakdown of the cartilage underside the kneecap).

Go to top

B

Body Re-alignment search for term

This a therapy to release the pressure in your body and re-align joints and muscles back into their natural positions.

Bosu ball search for term

An inflated rubber half sphere attached to a rigid platform used in fitness training.

Go to top

C

Cadillac search for term

Sometimes called a Trapeze Table, it is a bed-like table made to assist you with various Pilates postures and exercises.

Go to top

D

Dead leg search for term

A bruise or contusion caused by a sharp impact where a muscle is crushed against the underlying bone.

Deep tissue release search for term

Used to treat conditions such as back pain, headaches, stiff necks and repetitive stress syndromes, this technique focuses on the deeper layers of muscle and connective tissue to release tension in the body.

This treatment uses firm, constant pressure and slow strokes to the muscle fibres relieving pain and restoring normal movement.

Diastasis recti search for term

A wide separation between the left and right side of the rectus abdominis muscle (commonly known as the abdominals) causing your belly to stick out.

Go to top

F

Faecal Incontinence search for term

An inability to control bowel movements, resulting in the involuntary passage of faeces.

Free weights search for term

Training equipment such as barbells or dumbbells that are used free from a structural device that may limit the range of motion.

Go to top

G

Gilmores groin search for term

A strain at the junction of the leg and torso, caused by activities such as twisting and kicking.

Gynae physio search for term

See Gynaecological physio

Gynaecological physio search for term

A therapy dealing with the health of females, especially the reproductive systems.

Go to top

H

Hamstring tear search for term

When the tendons at the back of the thighs that attach the large muscle of the thigh to the bone are torn or stretched beyond their limit

Go to top

I

Improve sports performance search for term

Using any therapy or technique as a tool to increase strength, speed and stamina.

Injury prevention search for term

An effort to prevent, reduce the severity or eliminate any chance of an injury before it occur.

Go to top

J

Jumper’s Knee: search for term

Also known as patellar tendonitis or patellar tendinopathy, this condition is an overuse injury to the tissue that joins the kneecap to the shin bone.

Go to top

K

Kegal exercises search for term

Pelvic floor muscle and exercise named after the obstetrician who developed them.

Knee Cartilage Tear search for term

This is a tear in the C-shaped, shock-absorbing cartilage of the knee also known as the meniscus.

A common injury due to over-flexing or twisting the knee joint, it can cause tenderness and pain around the outside surface of the knee.

Knee ligament Injury search for term

This is an injury to one of the four ligaments in the knee causing pain, swelling, tenderness, bruising and reduced movement of your knee.

Go to top

M

Migraine treatment search for term

Treatments used to prevent, reduce symptoms or frequency of a recurrent severe headache.

Musculoskeletal search for term

MSK (abbreviation). With varying causes, this refers to pain that affects the muscles, ligaments and tendons as well as bones.

Myofascial search for term

In most cases a very gentle and relaxing technique, this specialised form of soft tissue treatment helps to eliminate pain and restore motion.  It can be used to treat many issues including adjusting postural tension and joint misalignment.

Myofascial stretching search for term

A technique using continued pressure to elongate connective tissue that surround every cell of the body.

Go to top

O

Obstetric physiotherapy search for term

A therapy to help you cope with physical changes during pregnancy and preparing the pregnant body for an easier delivery and recovery process afterwards.

Osteitis Pubis search for term

Groin pain caused by tissue damage and inflammation to the pelvis where the two pubic bones join together.

Go to top

P

Pelvic floor exercises search for term

The contraction and relaxation of the muscles that support your pelvic and abdominal organs.

Pelvic organ Prolapse search for term

Weakening of the muscles and ligaments supporting a woman's pelvic organs causing them to drop out of their normal place, pushes them out of or against the walls of the vagina.

Physiotherapy search for term

Working to identify through examination, diagnosis, and physical intervention to restore movement and function to someone affected by injury, illness or disability.

Plantar Fascitis search for term

Particularly common in runners, this condition causes stabbing pain and inflammation to the band of tissue on the bottom of your foot that connects the heel bone to the front of your foot, and also supports the arch of your foot.

Post-natal Exercise search for term

Exercises after pregnancy to strengthen vital muscles and improve your shape.

Pregnancy Massage search for term

A massage tailored specifically to the needs of pregnant women that can help reduce general pregnancy discomfort or problematic physical symptoms.

Pregnancy physiotherapy search for term

A therapy to help you stay fit, healthy and comfortable, while managing conditions that can arise during your pregnancy.

Pregnancy Pilates search for term

Exercises designed to help strengthening the pelvic floor while preparing you for the physical and physiological changes of pregnancy.

Pregnancy sciatica search for term

Pain caused by irritation or compression of the sciatic nerve during pregnancy.

Prolapse treatment search for term

A treatment for organs that have fallen down or slip out of place.

Go to top

R

Rectus Abdominus Divarification search for term

The separation or gap of the left and right abdominal muscles.

Rectus divarification search for term

The separation or stretching of the abdominal muscles.

Reduce toxin build up search for term

The ability to lessen unhealthy substances from your body.

Reformer search for term

An exercise machine that provides resistance allowing you to work out in a very precise way to develop alignment, core strength, and flexibility.

Rehabilitation post operation search for term

Treatment to enhance recovery and restore you to normal function.

Release tension search for term

Any activity or therapy that allows your body's muscles, joints and organs to relax.

Rocker board search for term

A device designed to help improve balance, proprioception and posture.

Runner’s knee search for term

A general term used for several disorders that cause pain behind or around the kneecap with different causes. Also known as Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome (PFPS).

Go to top

S

Shin Splints search for term

Also known as medial tibial stress syndrome, this condition affects the large bone in the front of the lower leg known as the tibia causing a dull, aching pain.

Shoulder dislocation search for term

Also referred to as shoulder subluxation. When the head of the upper arm bone (humerus) comes partially out of the socket then pops back.

Shoulder Impingement search for term

Swelling and tenderness caused when a tendon in the shoulder (rotator cuff) rubs against the shoulder blade (acromion).

Soft tissue manipulation search for term

Made up of a range of treatments to improve problems like restriction of motion and poor circulation due to inactivity or increased tension.

This manipulation of muscles, tendons and nerves involves gentle, sometimes firm, massage type techniques.

SPD physio search for term

A therapy to treat Symphysis Pubis Dysfunction (also known as Pelvic Girdle Pain).

Spikey balls search for term

Spiked PVC balls used in massage to improve circulation, in relaxation exercises, hand therapy and reflexology.

Swiss balls search for term

A large, heavy-duty inflatable ball used for all types of exercises.

Symphysis pubis dysfunction search for term

Pain that accurses in the stiff joint that connects the two halves of your pelvis.

Go to top

T

Therabands search for term

Latex bands used for physical therapy and strength training, color-coded to distinguish their resistance levels.

Trampette search for term

A small square trampoline.

Trigger point release search for term

A massage therapy or flexibility stretching technique used on hyper-irritated tender spots in the muscles that refer pain and stiffness to other parts of the body.

Go to top

U

Urinary Incontinence search for term

Loss of bladder control causing leakage of urine.

Go to top

V

Vaginismus search for term

A recurrent or persistent involuntary tightening of the muscles surrounding the vagina making penetration difficult or impossible.

Vulvodynia search for term

A persistent, and often unexplained sensation of burning, soreness or pain in the skin surrounding the vagina.

Go to top

W

Women's health physiotherapy search for term

A therapy that focuses on all areas relating to Obstetrics and Gynaecology.

Wonder Chair search for term

A piece of equipment used in Pilates for resistance exercises from many different positions.

Go to top